Map Umatilla … The Cayuse are a Native American tribe in what is now the state of Oregon in the United States.The Cayuse tribe shares a reservation and government in northeastern Oregon with the Umatilla and the Walla Walla tribes as part of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.The reservation is located near Pendleton, Oregon, at the base of the Blue Mountains. Flood Information. The tribes share the Reservation, which consists of 271.047 square miles (173,470 acres; 702.01 km2) in Umatilla County, in northeast Oregon state. For most of history, Oregon wasn’t divided by lines on a map. [3], The tribe re-established its government in 1949, writing a constitution that provided for the election of members to the General Council. The reservation is located in the area Pendleton, Oregon, near the Blue Mountains. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) is located in North Eastern Oregon with a population of over 3,000 residents. Umatilla Reservation. That's 133 more people than Pendleton. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation are the federally recognized confederations of three Sahaptin-speaking Native American tribes who traditionally inhabited the Columbia River Plateau region: the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla. The population was 4,978 at the 2000 census. [3], In addition, in the 20th century tribe pursued a major land claim case against the federal government, saying that the three tribes had traditionally controlled one million more acres of land than they had been compensated for following the 1855 treaty. Skip to main content. [1] Pendleton is a city and the county seat of Umatilla County, Oregon. This Board replaced the rule by hereditary chiefs.[1]. When the leaders of the Walla Walla, Cayuse, and Umatilla peoples signed the Treaty of Walla Walla with the United States in 1855, they ceded 6.4 million acres (26,000 km2) of their homeland that is now northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington. CTUIR decided not to pursue any more legal action but is seeking to strengthen NAGPRA. The revenues generated from gaming have multiplied the tribe's budget by sevenfold, making money available for health, education, housing and economic development. An interactive web tool that provides easy access to tribal and reservation data. They also paid per capita claims to tribal members for another part of it. Federally recognized reservations. [15], Today six language teachers are running programs at the Nixyaawii Community School, which has offered Umatilla, Walla Walla and Nez Perce language classes for the last decade. [1], The CTUIR publishes the monthly newspaper, Confederated Umatilla Journal. The tribes and Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife spearheaded restoration work in the mid-1980s, with results starting to show. County: Umatilla, population 60,000. In 2013 the three-tribe confederation populated about 2,916 people, roughly half of the tribal population live on or near the reservation. The Umatilla Reservation is also home to another 300 Indians who are members of other tribes. The casino is located near Interstate 84. In 1887, under the Allotment Act, communal land was distributed to households. [7] It is buying back land in watersheds of the Umatilla on its reservation, to preserve habitat. The balance is good grazing and timberland. Incorporated 1880. CTUIR joined with the Nez Perce Tribe, Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation and the Wanapum Band in seeking to have the remains reburied as required by traditional tribal law and according to the 1990 federal Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). It is managed by the three Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. These enterprises employ 1,000 persons and have markedly reduced unemployment. Clear 2 Table. The reservation is located near Pendleton, Oregon in northeastern Oregon at the base of the Blue Mountains in the Columbia River Plateau. The Umatilla Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. 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