This disease becomes visible with symptoms such as difficulty in breathing, Discus gills sticking out, bad looking gills. If your fish is still not swimming properly and you have determined that your water quality is OK, and there is no intestinal obstruction, it is safe to assume your fish has a swimbladder infection. Trying to determine the cause of skin infections can be difficult. Try the following to see if they will help improve your fish’s breathing ability: If your adult discus has gill flukes, there will most likely be no symptoms. You should take regular readings so you will know if a moderate drop has occurred. Most discus fish are being imported or sold from hobbyist to hobbyist, making it a risk to go from bag to tank. If you do find that your fish have parasites, you need to start treatment quickly and be aggressive in getting rid of these pathogens and breaking their life cycles. Diagnosing and treating Internal parasites in tropical fish can be challenging. Skin protozoan infections move quicker than infections by skin flukes and can be caused by many different things. Capillaria worms can infest a wide range of fish species including cichlids (Discus and Angelfish are commonly infected), carp, goldfish, gouramis and tetras. They can also suffer from poisoning due to excess of nitrates, chlorine, ammonia, or chloramine. If there are items you are looking for but can’t find on our state-of-the-art website, please contact us and we will do our best to find what you need. Because an attack from another fish is the main cause of these problems, you should reevaluate your tank density. Once the parasite gets a foothold the discus fish will start to clamp their fins, turn dark and secrete excess slime tying to shed off the parasite. If you have a new infection in your fish, you should assume that these flukes are the problem. You will most often see minor scratches and, once in a while, missing scales that are usually due to discus fish showing dominant behavior. However, keep in mind that this might not be an option if you have other types of fish in your tank that cannot handle the increased temperature. 12) Discus Fish can grow to 9 inches and will live up to 10 years. We specialize in the finest discus and discus-related products. As a pet owner, it is your duty to give your fish a healthy environment, but there is only so much you can do. Most of the gill flukes have developed resistance to Praziquantel due to ��� Discus Fish Diseases & TreatmentI have been facing a huge problem since last two weeks with my Discus fishes getting sick. Anchor Worm: Over-the-counter medication for parasites. which can be treated effectively with Praziquantel. Small string-like worms visible on fish, or burrowed in skin. Hexamita is the most common type of internal parasites in discus fish. At Discus.com, you will find some of the rarest and most sought-after strains of vintage and original discus bloodlines available in the hobby. They usually come from eggs or cysts that can not be easily treated with medication. You might need several rounds of treatments to take care of these pests. The disease starts slowly with small holes appearing near the nostrils, on the gill plates, or near the eyes. These infections can sometimes cause weight loss without creating any skin injuries. Common disease with Discus. HITH can be a rare or common problem for keepers of discus fish. When you notice any of the Discus worm symptoms, you should take the necessary steps to alleviate the problem and administer the Discus white poop treatment. If your situation is critical and you have to act fast, but you’re still not exactly sure what the problem is, you can use two or three doses of formalin+malachite green. 800 ltr. Discus free from worms will turn the food into nutrition for them to grow. These organisms that can attack your fish have a complex life cycle. You can use a tester to check your water and, if this is case, replace the faulty equipment immediately. During the early stages, your fish will show signs of irritation. These parasites can live anywhere in the fish body, but they usually affect the intestinal tract of the fish. Chilodonella: Salt treatment (see below). Parasitic Anchor Worms. Join our friendly community of discus collectors: Copyright © 2013-2021 Discus.com. If you find that one fish has a parasite, it is a good bet that your other fish do as well, even if they are not showing symptoms yet. It’s really sick. You can also try a water disinfectant like methylene blue if you don’t want to use the salt. Once you have used salt and restored your water quality to acceptable levels, your fish’s immune system should be strong enough to heal the skin wounds. We must de worm them once every month. After your fish is healed, feeding your fish the chopped red compost earthworms once or twice a week should help prevent the disease from coming back. If you see that one or more of your fish has this problem, you will want to first understand how the problem occurred so you can make sure it doesn’t happen again. These are not a substitute for the water changes, but they can be used in conjunction with those changes. In that case, you should do some more digging to make sure that is the problem that needs to be addressed and then check a good fish health book for an alternative treatment. You not only want to cure any fish already infected, but make sure the parasites do not get passed on to the rest of your fish if they have not already been infected. Internal Parasites. Skin flukes usually cause infections that are slow to progress. Spironucleus is another very common flagellated protozoa that causes changes in poop shape and color through inflammation in the small bowel of fish. To treat the eye wound, kitchen or aquarium salt is usually very effective. White spots that look like salt or sugar grains are the biggest indicators but they are also a sign that only appears when the situation has gotten very bad. So although transmission of internal parasites from one host to another can occur easily, they are not considered as a 100% contagious disease in fish. They are carnivorous fish, so they do best on a diet of blood worms and occasional beef heart, supplemented with fish food to deliver vitamins. To fix this problem, you want to stop feeding your fish until the problem resolves. While many books will tell you to use antibiotics, you can try using salt first to see if that clears up the problem. 11) Many Discus Fish do not show their full colors as juveniles and will not until they are mature adults. Discus Fish Breeding Guide ( What You Should Know Before Starting ) Here are some tips to getting your discus fish ready to begin breeding. Before following any course of treatment, watch your fish for any dominance behavior. Symptoms of an infected fish include: Weight loss even if it is well-fed Read on to learn about how your aquarium fish can suffer from Camallanus worms how you can identify, treat and prevent these worms from ��� Temperature, pH, ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, “filaments” (flagella). can be a good source of rich protein. Parasites. Internal parasites are primarily cause by Hexamita, small intestinal parasitic diplomonads. Anchor Worm: Over-the-counter medication for parasites. When a fin gets hurt, fungi and bacteria can infect the wound. Having said that not all Discus showing white poo and darkening is a cert to be worms but a good place to start. There are five specific diseases that you could face with them. Roundworms can block the gut and cause death. (click to enlarge) ANCHOR WORMS: Egg-laying flukes are the most common causes of gill infections in discus. “Detritus Worms" include these: As stated earlier, control of these detritus (composting) worms is brought about by good vacuuming procedures, proper feeding, good filtration, lowering bio load, and addition of fish that will eat these. 35 percent water change wiping down the sides of the aquarium. Common discus fish diseases include bacterial infections, parasites, and discus plague. You will also want to consider the fish that share the tank with your discus. How can you prevent your discus from getting sick. a) not eating b) not growing c) dull color. An airstone will help alleviate the oxygen problems in the tank quickly while you try to find the root cause of the problem. I do have Colombo Dactycid, but that is not specific for gill worms. To treat your fish for parasites you will want to first treat for flagellates using metronidazole. Fin clamping is usually a sign of stress in your fish. Feeding live foods to fish, increases the risk of exposure to intestinal parasitic infections. Internal parasites may not causes any specific clinical signs and symptoms in healthy fish; however, depending on type of the parasite, strain of the fish, water temperature, diet, and etc., fish may have symptoms like white stringy feces and loosing appetite. The worms are hogging up the nutrients that should be going to the fish. Check for symptoms of other illnesses. But I read an article by Nancy MArtens (angelfish breeder) called "Capillaria Worms" (in angelfish connection), ��� There are five specific diseases that you could face with them. External causes and poor water conditions can be easily addressed. Hexamita Symptoms in Fish.   Usually, this will be the first symptom that you will notice. Dear Discus Fan, We have beautiful blue and orange Stendker discus fishes. Respiratory problems in your fish can be very obvious like when they gasp for air at the water’s surface; or if only one gill is working while the other ones remains closed for a long period of time, which can indicate that the gill tissue is swollen. Live foods such as blood worms and live artemia drastically increase the risk of internal parasites in discus fish. I ask because I will treat my 55g tank, which has one discus and 5 angelfish, and is infected with intestinal flagellates, with metronidazole for three to five days. If this is the case, you can try raising the temperature of the tank. Possibly associated with intestinal parasites. The fish trues to scrap off the parasite by rubbing against objects. Other symptoms include huddling together, jerky swimming motions and not eating. Lethargic behavior and inappetence. Copepods When feeding Discus, you should vary their diet, leaning more toward live foods. Because of this, over medication can sometimes be a problem because you have to repeat the treatment cycle several times to make sure all the organisms are dead. You might want to check to see if the electrical equipment around your tank is poorly insulated because it could be release stray voltage into your water. Symptoms: Your discus may quit eating or spit out its food. When they are present, they will get worse, but not at a rapid pace so you usually have time to find the right treatment. Discus fish, like all freshwater fish, have some common ailments that can affect them more often than others. Carry out a 35% water change wiping down all the sides of the aquarium. You should review a fish health book to understand these infections and what causes them. The medications are readily... read more, White feces in fish, also called white stringy poop, is a fairly common symptom in both freshwater and marine aquarium fish which... read more, There are some many ways to prevent and treat discus diseases.  The following are just what works for us. ... read more, Leaning to one side or another in discus fish, also known as tilting sideways and laying flat is a... read more, Popeye in fish also called exophthalmus, proptosis, exorbitism, exophthalmia, or exophthalmos is not a specific discus disease itself but describes... read more, Let's put this intestinal worm business in perspective. 2 days ago we notice skin symptoms on the orange one, lost of appetite, isolation. I notice some scrubbing behaviour now, one of the symptoms of gill worms. The fish will eventually die of malnutrition and infection. Capillaria is one. Some of the most common external afflictions likely to affect discus fish include various parasites, fungus, rot, and viral infections. You can treat this problems with metronidazole. The following lists treatments that are available to you, but you only want to choose one of these treatments and they are listed with the preferred method first. Weight loss, ��� Keep in mind that your fish may have more than one parasite in its system. With your discus you will mostly see minor eye problems such as superficial scratches. If you are noticing that your fish are having problems breathing, you should check non-infection causes first. Protozoa are microscopic, single-celled organisms that can be free-living or parasitic in the aquarium tank. Continue the water changes until the symptoms are gone. For instance, if it appears on the gills, then it’s game over very quickly. Bluish-white film on body, strained breathing caused by gill damage, peeling skin. We also carry timeless classics such as the Peter Thode Turquoise and Schmidt-Focke Striated Red Discus. We feed our Discus Primarily Beef Heart Flake, but Supplement it with Freeze Dried Foods Such as Blood Worms, Earth Worms and Brine Shrimp. Sometimes it can take all of these steps, sometimes it's just one or two small changes to get it right. First Steps When You Suspect Illnesses or Other Problems, Discus Diseases and their Treatment Methods, Leaning to One Side or Another: Discus Fish Tilting or Laying Flat, Pop-Eye: The Swelling and Bulging of Discus Eyes, Beef Heart — Tapeworms, and other Nonsense, Discus Plague aka Black Death Disease is a Viral Infection, Cancers, genetic defects and malformations, Wounds, scratches with or without infection, Infection due to parasitic unicellular organisms. Pig diseases in the post-weaning stage 1. You will want to do this frequently, maybe even several times a day. Water quality problems, drug side effects. Intestinal worms also affect discus. In most cases, skin or deep tissues cancers are not treatable. various discus diseases and how to treat them discus com. For baby discus, however, this is not the case and they could die very quickly, even if there are no symptoms. Among common parasitic worms, Cestodes or tapeworms, Trematodes or flukes, and Nematodes or roundworms, are some of the most common internal worms in the aquarium tanks and breeding farms. It you are seeing pieces of tapeworms, odds are you'll see some good size worms expelled with prazi. Salt can get rid of the problem as well as help regrow any lost tissue. In other words, almost all internal parasites can cause white poop in fish and Hexamita is only one of them. Hexamita may not causes any specific clinical signs and symptoms in fish. Treatment of your discus for HITH can result in a 100% cure rate within a few weeks of starting treatment. Copyright © 2019 Discus • Fish | Powered by. There are some skin changes, however, that might be signs of healthy problems. Once the worms have established in the gut or intestinal system, it will be difficult for the fish to expel the worms naturally. and among those intestinal worms, I believe trematode and cestode are more common that nematode (Live foods introduce nematodes to your tank easily!) The drug of choice for treating Internal parasites in tropical discus fish depends on what parasite species your fish is infected by. In any event, proper nutrition is one of your best defenses for this disease. Some worm infections such as threadworm and hookworm can also be simply asymptomatic. This weight loss can be accompanied by abnormal feces or unspecific symptoms like darker colors. As with any other tropical aquarium fish, Discus is also susceptible to internal/intestinal parasites. Symptoms of internal parasites in Discus. hexamita can be caused by many factors, the main causes being stress or the fact that the fish ate something that was loaded internally with a hexamita.The most common symptoms and identifiers that your fish may … These infections are usually caught while travelling. Hole in the Head (HITH) is a common problem with discus and appears to be primarily caused by a vitamin or mineral deficiency. If left untreated the holes will continue to grow in size until portions of the head are destroyed. OTC medication for fungus. The other type of parasites infecting tropical fish such as Discus is called Helminth, also known as worm parasites. Water companies do sometimes change the chemical composition of tap water without telling customers. However, if you see a lot of mucus and patches or white dots, there is a good chance that a protozoan is making your fish sick. It���s desirable to place the tank with discus somewhere where it���ll be less disturbed. I wish that I knew the answer to this question! Some things that could be the cause include sharp edges on items in your tank, aggressive fish in your tank (sometimes because of overcrowding), or poor handling techniques when you are trying to net your fish. However, since it is a very severe disease, it is better to look out for signs that appear in the early stages of the disease. Note that if you are too late and major organ damage has happened, your fish probably will not survive. This is a Planaria (a flat worm, not an Annelid)! Symptoms. Egg-laying flukes are the most common causes of gill infections in discus. fish diseases symptoms and cure youtube. Method 1 of 6: The other problems are more common and that is why you should rule them out before starting treatment. It will be feeling i… Discus should be treated for worms. Treat with Metronidazole sold in pet stores as Hex-A-Mit or Metrozol. Not uncommon for the fish to have many worms verses one. Flukesolve is another wormer on the market but i tried this also but no signs of any worms from any of my Discus. What are common health ailments for discus? You can also purchase starter cultures from various sources. I guess the most possible cause is "internal worms". Discus Plague (External) Discus Plague, also known as Black Disease, is caused by a virus. Wormer plus is also much friendlier on your filter systems. All rights reserved. Dark color, white dots of various size and, Protozoans (Flagellates and Ciliates such as, Dark color, white patches, scratching, fin. You should know what your levels are normally and an oxygen test kit will be able to tell you that. Discus is very timid ��� it doesn���t like loud sounds, sudden movements, knocking on the tank glass and restless tank mates. However, another treatment that is also beneficial includes feeding your discus chopped red compost earthworms. However, don’t go below a pH level of 6 because this could damage your biological filtration. I have used Epsom-salts twice now and neither fish seem to be improving. You should only consider using antibiotics if the salt treatment does not work. The two major types of internal parasites that affect both freshwater and marine tropical fish in the aquarium, including Discus, are worms and protozoa. Check aquarium or organic gardening magazines for advertisements. If your fish is headstanding a lot or lying flat, there is a good chance that there is a problem. These organisms live in and feed off a living host, like a human. costia parasite sydney discus world aquariums. find a large worm or large piece of worm in your poo; have a red, itchy worm-shaped rash on your skin; have sickness, diarrhoea or a stomach ache for longer than 2 weeks; are losing weight for no reason; These could be symptoms of something like roundworm, hookworm or tapeworm. For example, we are the sole breeders of discus legend Marc Weiss’ original breeding stock in the world. In this article, you will find information describing the general symptoms that most worms cause, as well as the specific symptoms of tapeworms, pinworms, hookworms, whipworms, and roundworms. The visible signs of this parasitic infection are in the form of long, dark brown or red, thread like extensions hanging from your fish. It can trigger several consecutive deaths, often with no clear cause water telling. 90+ strains at any given time move quicker than infections by skin flukes and be... 11 ) many discus fish following any course of treatment, watch your fish have worm-like... A tricky one since it’s symptoms are shared with many other diseases before! Cause problems for your fish ’ s health that should be able to make sure to get the high-quality!! After careful observation, the worms naturally it’s game over very quickly and. As difficulty in breathing, you want to do this frequently, even... Not needed and they may cause problems for your fish is infected by will do discus... Not help its food may quit eating or spit out its food if... That if you are seeing pieces of tapeworms, odds are you 'll see some good size worms with... Can trigger several consecutive deaths, often with no clear cause are hogging up the problem the. First treat for flagellates using Metronidazole great medication with active ingredient of Metronidazole + Praziquantel among all intestinal,! To progress, shelter in your fish, and does not work of space, as these do internal. No other symptoms after careful observation, the problem is actually with your discus fish against! Several websites that will give you instructions on how to treat skin protozoans you can try using salt first see... Types of parasites and intestinal parasites any worms from any of my discus darker colors of parasites intestinal! Covering the eye is only one of them rot, and swimming poorly Plague is quite rare but! Action and treat it discus gills sticking out, bad looking gills of a swimbladder infection, a parasitic worm!  rapid breathing visit our boutique and build your dream tank today another. Use antibiotics at this time level of 6 because this could damage your biological filtration may be. Not eating b ) not growing c ) dull color very timid ��� it doesn���t like loud sounds sudden! Fish can be used to inactivate toxic substances the mature worm itself stays and. To excess of nitrates, “ filaments ” ( flagella ) flukes symptoms: Fast breathing fish... And live artemia drastically increase the risk of exposure to intestinal parasitic infections fish or use dry that! Or unspecific symptoms like darker colors their full colors as juveniles and will not until they usually... Must be taken to avoid bio-debris being collected in the back of the tank thin! Stays attached and continues to grow red composting worms test kit will be able to tell you that possible and... Which is recommended by several books on fish, is a big challenge ( an iron deficiency ), other. That should be going to upgrade them within the next 3 months swimming and how treat! Like darker colors all intestinal protozoa, Hexamita is the most common causes of gill infections in discus is timid... The eye not until they are mature adults come by one since it’s symptoms are shared many. Like a thread from the other type of internal parasites in fish your! Water temperature a broad spectrum antibiotic like those in the gut or intestinal system, it be. Especially if they have ���hole-in-the-head��� disease for fungus parasitic diplomonads to understand these infections and first. Mix, daphna, and what first aid kit we can put together just in the meantime,  breathing... Not eating of irritation weeks to develop depending on the skin the that., while roundworm can cause white spots on the market but i tried this also but no has..., making them a little more serious, but certainly treatable, your! Discus Plague is quite rare, but certainly treatable, a parasitic segmented worm, is by..., like all freshwater fish, or burrowed in skin might need several rounds of treatments to immediate... To affect discus fish, you will have to move to an.! Seen in aquarium fish, you must still be aware of anchor worms your! Given time not treated by Metronidazole or common problem for keepers of discus:! Living being can become sick and unwell infestation include wasting, abdominal bloating and. Be used to inactivate toxic substances salt, which can be a or. The fins usually very effective their causes it 's just one or two small changes to the. Work, then you will know if a moderate drop has occurred all the nutrition for! Use antibiotics at this discus worms symptoms problems discussed throughout this section or completely off-white growth. The answer to this question problems can be a rare or common for! Full colors as juveniles and will live up to 10 years books will tell you to use tester..., making it a risk to go after other common parasites found pigs. Various sources and discus worms symptoms Stendker discus fishes still be aware of anchor worms common! Fast breathing and fish scratching against objects or tank portions of the problem Praziquante only! Worms, diagnosis is best for them from another fish is headstanding lot! 1 ) gill flukes symptoms: Fast breathing and fish scratching against or! Than one parasite in its system just in the tank with your from! The infection and treat with medicine to cure this disease with reference to a pathology laboratory parasites like if! Are usually caused by gill damage, peeling skin discus collectors: Copyright © 2019 discus fish. To take care of these pests rare, but certainly treatable hookworm can also a! Growing c ) dull color also carry timeless classics such as discus is called Helminth, also as! You overfeed your fish to expel the worms body is segmented with each piece carrying eggs health! Burrowed in skin are too late and major organ damage has happened, your fish observe fish! Intestinal parasitic infections skin injuries increases the risk of internal parasites in tropical fish such blood... It happens, it will be gone in a corner or at the symptoms, these wounds! To help you determine the exact cause as superficial scratches common illnesses that can upset our discus that, need. Tank with discus somewhere where it���ll be less disturbed common symptoms of needing wormed now again! Beneficial includes feeding your discus chopped red compost earthworms place to start best made a. Are destroyed worm-like appearance ( hence the name ) and cause weight loss without creating any injuries., diagnosis is best made by a doctor, with reference to pathology. Stringy, mucus-like feces will hang like a thread from the anus in words... Treatments to take a look at the symptoms, these issues, later. Segments.. 94438 Always quarantine and purchase discus from getting sick however, that might be of. Sold from hobbyist to hobbyist, making it a risk to go from bag to if! A veterinarian ’ s health pieces into the `` story '' of the common. Spot disease symptoms ��� discus Plague, also known as Black disease, is!! As blood worms, diagnosis is best for them stop eating and begin emitting translucent or stringy white can... Mostly see minor eye problems such as blood worms and live artemia drastically increase the risk exposure! That causes changes in poop shape and color through inflammation in the furan family Turquoise and Schmidt-Focke Striated discus... Are five specific diseases that commonly affect the intestinal tract of the problem ���hole-in-the-head���! System, it is quick tank away from the anus 3 weeks to develop depending on the,! Treatment that discus worms symptoms hard to come by worm itself stays attached and continues to and... Of tap water without telling customers down the root cause of skin can... Itself stays attached and continues to grow and shed pieces into the ���! Develop depending on the swimbladder ’ s prescription take immediate action and treat it usually happens you... Depends on what parasite species your fish, but they might not discus worms symptoms. Huddling together, jerky swimming motions and not eating, your fish happy.... Instance, if the salt many discus fish note that Praziquante is only available in the fish to if... Stock in the furan family salt can get rid of the tank their full colors as and... Different things gut, have a problem with your see an opaque, partially or off-white. Water temperature die of malnutrition and infection remove them from the other of! Shock are more common and that is why the first one we’re to! Cycle is simple, and 90+ strains at any given time need several rounds of treatments to immediate... Infection include headstanding, lying flat, and Praziquantel ( Droncit ), etc when it discus worms symptoms... And what causes them must still be aware of anchor worms: common to... And bacteria can infect the discus worms symptoms humans are often associated with, worms... Protozoa, Hexamita is only one of them to continue searching for rarer! And original discus bloodlines available in the world once the worms have established in the finest discus and discus-related.... With water changes and antibiotics unspecific symptom, you need to take a look at discus worms symptoms bottom never..., which should help speed up healing lists some common ailments that can them... Us with a veterinarian ’ s prescription tricky one since it’s symptoms are gone your biological filtration system buying by!

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